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Education in Colonial Sudan, 1900–1957  

Iris Seri-Hersch

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
In the first half of the 20th century, Sudan, which included the territories of present-day Sudan and South Sudan, was ruled by a dual colonial government known as the Anglo-Egyptian ... More

Egyptian‐Sudanese Trade in the Ottoman Period to 1882  

Terence Walz

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Egypt’s trade in the Ottoman period with the Sudanic kingdoms to its south waxed and waned according to political conditions at either end of its trade routes. During the 16th and 17th ... More

Encounters Between Ethiopia and Europe, 1400–1660  

Matteo Salvadore

Online publication date:
May 2018
By the early 1400s, diplomatic representatives and pilgrims from the Christian Kingdom of Ethiopia had traveled to the Italian peninsula for political and religious reasons. In doing so, ... More

Ethiopia in the Nineteenth Century  

Teshale Tibebu

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The history of Ethiopia during the 19th century involved three fundamental processes: (1) the Zämänä Mäsafənt (Era of Princes) and its coming to an end under Kassa Häylu, later Emperor ... More

The History of Agriculture in Ethiopia  

James C. McCann

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Ethiopia’s highlands and their lowland peripheries offer a distinctive and, in many ways, ideal setting for human habitation and the evolution of agricultural ecologies. The ranges in ... More

The History of Sudanese Nationalism  

Yoshiko Kurita

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Ever since its conquest by the armies of Muḥammad ‘Alī Pasha in 1820, Sudan (the Republic of Sudan today) has been subjugated to colonial rule by foreign powers—first by the ... More

Mahdist Omdurman  

Robert S. Kramer

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
It is tempting to seek an auspicious beginning for the Sudanese city of Omdurman, given its eventual significance, but there is none to be found. From its humble origins as a watering ... More

The Ottomans in Northeast Africa  

A. C. S. Peacock

In the mid-16th century, the Ottoman empire expanded to encompass parts of the modern Sudan, Eritrea, and the Ethiopian borderlands, forming the Ottoman province of Habeş. The Ottomans ... More

Precolonial History of South Sudan  

Stephanie Beswick

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The 1924 Revolution in Sudan  

Elena Vezzadini

The 1924 Revolution marked the first time in Sudanese history a nationalist ideology became the language of politics and was successfully employed to mobilize the masses. It was a part of ... More

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