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African Iron Production and Iron-Working Technologies: Methods  

Louise Iles

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Iron production was a particularly important precolonial African technology, with iron becoming a central component of socioeconomic life in many societies across the continent. ... More

Ancient Developments in the Middle Senegal Valley and the Inland Niger Delta  

Alioune Dème

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The study of West Africa has contributed to the expansion of comparative arid-lands floodplain prehistory, from both the data collection (cultural and historical) and the theoretical ... More

The Archaeology of Gender in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Lyn Wadley

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The meaning and context of gender is contested even in the 21st century. No generalizations about gender are applicable through time or across space. Even where gender roles are defined by ... More

Archaeozoology: Methods  

Veerle Linseele

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of African History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The Bantu Expansion  

Koen Bostoen

The Bantu Expansion stands for the concurrent dispersal of Bantu languages and Bantu-speaking people from an ancestral homeland situated in the Grassfields region in the borderland between ... More

Ceramics, Foodways, and Consumption: Methods  

Liza Gijanto

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Analysis of ceramics in archaeological contexts has provided a range of information regarding African history. Archaeologists have approached ceramics as a craft as well as an indicator of ... More

Development of Plant Food Production in the West African Savannas: Archaeobotanical Perspectives  

Katharina Neumann

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The West African savannas are a major area of independent plant domestication, with pearl millet, African rice, fonio, several legumes, and vegetable crops originating there. For ... More

Documenting Precolonial Trade in Africa  

Shadreck Chirikure

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Promoted by necessity, scarcity, and/or abundance, trade is one of the most essential cultural behaviors that promoted contact and exchange of ideas, commodities, and services between ... More

Ethnographic Analogy in Archaeology: Methodological Insights from Southern Africa  

Mark McGranaghan

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Analogical arguments are central to and pervasive within archaeological discourse. Within these arguments, ethnographic analogies are often seen as being particularly problematic exercises ... More

Farming and Herding in Eastern Africa: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives  

Freda Nkirote M'Mbogori

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The inception of agriculture in eastern Africa is a major topic of discussion among Africanist archaeologists, although very sparse evidence exists. Questions range from whether ... More

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